Chapter Three: Incidents of Sahaba cursing & abusing each other
(i) Some Incidents from Sahih Bukhari
Narrated ‘Urwa from ‘Aisha:
The wives of Allah’s Apostle were in two groups. One group consisted of ‘Aisha, Hafsa, Safiyya and Sauda; and the other group consisted of Um Salama and the other wives of Allah’s Apostle. The Muslims knew that Allah’s Apostle loved ‘Aisha, so if any of them had a gift and wished to give to Allah’s Apostle, he would delay it, till Allah’s Apostle had come to ‘Aisha’s home and then he would send his gift to Allah’s Apostle in her home. The group of Um Salama discussed the matter together and decided that Um Salama should request Allah’s Apostle to tell the people to send their gifts to him in whatever wife’s house he was. Um Salama told Allah’s Apostle of what they had said, but he did not reply. Then they (those wives) asked Um Salama about it. She said, “He did not say anything to me.” They asked her to talk to him again. She talked to him again when she met him on her day, but he gave no reply. When they asked her, she replied that he had given no reply. They said to her, “Talk to him till he gives you a reply.” When it was her turn, she talked to him again. He then said to her, “Do not hurt me regarding Aisha, as the Divine Inspirations do not come to me on any of the beds except that of Aisha.” On that Um Salama said, “I repent to Allah for hurting you.” Then the group of Um Salama called Fatima, the daughter of Allah’s Apostle and sent her to Allah’s Apostle to say to him, “Your wives request to treat them and the daughter of Abu Bakr on equal terms.” Then Fatima conveyed the message to him. The Prophet said, “O my daughter! Don’t you love whom I love?” She replied in the affirmative and returned and told them of the situation. They requested her to go to him again but she refused. They then sent Zainab bint Jahsh who went to him and used harsh words saying, “Your wives request you to treat them and the daughter of Ibn Abu Quhafa on equal terms.” On that she raised her voice and abused ‘Aisha to her face so much so that Allah’s Apostle looked at ‘Aisha to see whether she would retort. ‘Aisha started replying to Zainab till she silenced her. The Prophet then looked at ‘Aisha and said, “She is really the daughter of Abu Bakr.”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 47, Number 755
Narrated Abu Salih As-Samman:
I saw Abu Said Al-Khudri praying on a Friday, behind something which acted as a Sutra. A young man from Bani Abi Mu’ait, wanted to pass in front of him, but Abu Said repulsed him with a push on his chest. Finding no alternative he again tried to pass but Abu Said pushed him with a greater force. The young man (a Tabai) abused Abu Said(a Sahabi) and went to Marwan and lodged a complaint against Abu Said and Abu Said followed the young man to Marwan who asked him, “O Abu Said! What has happened between you and the son of your brother?” Abu Sa’id said to him, “I heard the Prophet saying, ‘If anybody amongst you is praying behind something as a Sutra and somebody tries to pass in front of him, then he should repulse him and if he refuses, he should use force against him for he is a satan.’”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 9, Number 488
Note: The word of “Tabai” in above parenthesis i.e. in (The young man (a Tabai) abused Abu Said) are not ours but of Salafi Translator of Sahih Bukhari Mohsin Khan.
It was said to the Prophet “Would that you see Abdullah bin Ubai.” So, the Prophet went to him, riding a donkey, and the Muslims accompanied him, walking on salty barren land. When the Prophet reached ‘Abdullah bin Ubai, the latter said, “Keep away from me! By Allah, the bad smell of your donkey has harmed me.” On that an Ansari man said (to ‘Abdullah), “By Allah! The smell of the donkey of Allah’s Apostle is better than your smell.” On that a man from ‘Abdullah’s tribe got angry for ‘Abdullah’s sake, and the two men abused each other which caused the friends of the two men to get angry, and the two groups started fighting with sticks, shoes and hands. We were informed that the following Divine Verse was revealed (in this concern):– “And if two groups of Believers fall to fighting then, make peace between them.” (49.9)
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 49, Number 856
More Sunni References:
- Sahih Muslim Vol. 2, page 110, published in Delhi.
- Tafseer Dure-Manthoor, vol. 2, page 90, published in Bairut.
- Asbaabul Nazool, page 263, published by Taba Darul Nashar, Lahore, Pakistan
- Lababul Naqool, page 97, published Al-Mashad-ul-Hussaini Cairo.
- Tafseer Al-Qurtabi, vol. 16, page 207, published in Cairo.
- Biyanul-Quran, vol.11, page 44, published by Matba Ashraf al-Mataba, Thana Bhoon.
- Al-Taaleeq al-Mamjad ala Motta Muhammad, page 407, published by Maktaba Rahimiyah Deoband.
- Alrozata al-Nadia, vol.2, page 358, published by Darul Maarifah, Bairut.
…On our return, Um Mistah stumbled and said, “Let Mistah. be ruined” I said to her, “O mother Why do you abuse your Son” On that Um Mistah became silent for a while, and stumbling again, she said, “Let Mistah be ruined” I said to her, “Why do you abuse your son?” She stumbled for the third time and said, “Let Mistah be ruined” whereupon I rebuked her for that. She said, “By Allah, I do not abuse him except because of you.” I asked her, “Concerning what of my affairs?” So she disclosed the whole story to me…
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 281
Also Urwa and Hisham’s father narrated that:
Narrated ‘Urwa: I started abusing Hassan in front of ‘Aisha, whereupon she said. “Don’t abuse him, for he used to defend the Prophet (with his poetry).”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 731
Narrated Hisham’s father:
I started abusing Hassan in front of ‘Aisha. She said, “Do not abuse him as he used to defend Allah’s Apostle (against the infidels). ‘Aisha added, “Once Hassan took the permission from the Prophet to say poetic verses against the infidels. On that the Prophet said, ‘How will you exclude my forefathers (from that)? Hassan replied, ‘I will take you out of them as one takes a hair out of the dough.” Hisham’s father added, “I abused Hassan as he was one of those who spoke against ‘Aisha.”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 466
Narrated Abu ‘Uthman:
‘Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr said, “The Suffa Companions were poor people and the Prophet said, ‘Whoever has food for two persons should take a third one from them (Suffa companions). And whosoever has food for four persons he should take one or two from them’ Abu Bakr took three men and the Prophet took ten of them.”
‘Abdur Rahman added, my father my mother and I were there (in the house). (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether ‘Abdur Rahman also said, ‘My wife and our servant who was common for both my house and Abu Bakr’s house). Abu Bakr took his supper with the Prophet and remained there till the ‘Isha’ prayer was offered. Abu Bakr went back and stayed with the Prophet till the Prophet took his meal and then Abu Bakr returned to his house after a long portion of the night had passed. Abu Bakr’s wife said, ‘What detained you from your guests (or guest)?’ He said, ‘Have you not served them yet?’ She said, ‘They refused to eat until you come. The food was served for them but they refused.” ‘Abdur Rahman added, “I went away and hid myself (being afraid of Abu Bakr) and in the meantime he (Abu Bakr) called me, ‘O Ghunthar (a harsh word)!’ and also called me bad names and abused me and then said (to his family), ‘Eat. No welcome for you.’ Then (the supper was served). Abu Bakr took an oath that he would not eat that food. The narrator added: By Allah, whenever any one of us (myself and the guests of Suffa companions) took anything from the food, it increased from underneath. We all ate to our fill and the food was more than it was before its serving.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 10, Number 576
Narrated ‘Anbasa bin Said:
Abu Huraira came to the Prophet and asked him (for a share from the Khaibar booty). On that, one of the sons of Said bin Al-’As said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle! Do not give him.” Abu Huraira then said (to the Prophet ) “This is the murderer of Ibn Qauqal.” Sa’id’s son said, “How strange! A guinea pig coming from Qadum Ad-Dan!”
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle sent Aban from Medina to Najd as the commander of a Sariya. Aban and his companions came to the Prophet at Khaibar after the Prophet had conquered it, and the reins of their horses were made of the fire of date palm trees. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Do not give them a share of the booty.” on, that, Aban said (to me), “Strange! You suggest such a thing though you are what you are, O guinea pig coming down from the top of Ad-Dal (a lotus tree)! “On that the Prophet said, “O Aban, sit down ! ” and did not give them any share.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 544
Aban bin Said came to the Prophet and greeted him. Abu Huraira said, “O Allah’s Apostle! This (Aban) is the murderer of the Ibn Qauqal.” (On hearing that), Aban said to Abu Huraira, “How strange your saying is! You, a guinea pig, descending from Qadum Dan, blaming me for (killing) a person whom Allah favored (with martyrdom) with my hand, and whom He forbade to degrade me with his hand.’
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 545
Narrated ‘Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi:
…Umar said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Allow me to chop off the head of this hypocrite.”
Allah’s Apostle said, “Hatib participated in the battle of Badr, and who knows, perhaps Allah has already looked at the Badr warriors and said, ‘Do whatever you like, for I have forgiven you.”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 251
More Sunni References:
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Number 314
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 319
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 572
- Sahih Muslim, Book 031, Number 6087
�..Sad bin Mu’adh got up and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! by Allah, I will relieve you from him. If that man is from the tribe of the Aus, then we will chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers, the Khazraj, then order us, and we will fulfill your order.’ On that Sad bin ‘Ubada, the chief of the Khazraj and before this incident, he had been a pious man, got up, motivated by his zeal for his tribe and said, ‘By Allah, you have told a lie; you cannot kill him, and you will never be able to kill him.’ On that Usaid bin Al-Hadir got up and said (to Sad bin ‘Ubada), ‘By Allah! you are a liar. By Allah, we will kill him; and you are a hypocrite, defending the hypocrites.’ On this the two tribes of Aus and Khazraj got excited and were about to fight each other, while Allah’s Apostle was standing on the pulpit. He got down and quietened them till they became silent and he kept quiet. On that day I kept on weeping so much so that neither did my tears stop, nor could I sleep.
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 48, Number 829
More Sunni References:
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 462
- Sahih Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 274
At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, “I abused a person by calling his mother with bad names.” The Prophet said to me, ‘O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother with bad names You still have some characteristics of ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.’”
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 2, Number 29
(ii) Some of the Incidents from Sahih Muslim
Sulaiman b. Surad reported that two persons abused each other in the presence of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and the eyes of one of them became red as embers and the veins of his neck were swollen. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I know of a wording, if he were to utter that, his fit of rage (would be no more and that wording is): I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. The person said: Do you find any madness in me? Ibn al-’Ala’ said: Do you see it? And he made no mention of the person.
Sahih Muslim, Book 032, Number 6316
‘Alqama b. Wa’il reported on the authority of his-father: While I was sitting in the company of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), a person came there dragging another one with the help of a strap and said: Allah’s Messenger, this man has killed my brother. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Did you kill him? And the other man said: (In case he did not make a confession of this, I shall brine, a witness against him). He (the murderer) said: Yes, I have killed him. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Why did you kill him? He said: I and he won striking down the leaves of a tree and he abused me and enraged me, and to I struck his head with an axe and killed him, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Have you anything with you to pay blood-wit on your behalf? He said: I do not possess any property but this robe of mine and this axe of mine. He (the Holy, Prophet) said: Do you think your people will pay ransom for you? He said: I am more insignificant among my people than this (that I would not be able to get this benefit from my tribe). He (the Holy Prophet) threw the strap towards him (the claimant of the blood-wit) saying: Take away your man. The man took him away, and as he returned, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If he kills him, he will be like him. He returned and said: Allah’s Messenger, it has reached me that you have said that” If he killed him, he would be like him.” I caught hold of him according to your command, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Don’t you like that he should take upon him (the burden) of your sin and the sin of your companion (your brother)? He said: Allah’s Apostle, why not? The Messenger of Allah (may peace be. upon him) said: If it is so, then let it be. He threw away the strap (around the offender) and set him free.
Sahih Muslim, Book 016, Number 4164
Note: The first Sahabi (the killer) also made the same excuse, which Nasibis make when they kill shias (i.e. he killed while other person abused him). Did Rasool Allah [saww] accept this excuse and left him free?
‘Abdullah b. Buraida reported on the authority of his father that Ma’iz b. Malik al-Aslami came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah’s Messenger, I have wronged myself; I have committed adultery and I earnestly desire that you should purify me. He turned him away. On the following day, he (Ma’iz) again came to him and said: Allah’s Messenger, I have committed adultery. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) turned him away for the second time, and sent him to his people saying: Do you know if there is anything wrong with his mind. They denied of any such thing in him and said: We do not know him but as a wise good man among us, so far as we can judge. He (Ma’iz) came for the third time, and he (the Holy Prophet) sent him as he had done before. He asked about him and they informed him that there was nothing wrong with him or with his mind. When it was the fourth time, a ditch was dug for him and he (the Holy Prophet) pronounced judg- ment about him and he wis stoned. He (the narrator) said: There came to him (the Holy Prophet) a woman from Ghamid and said: Allah’s Messenger, I have committed adultery, so purify me. He (the Holy Prophet) turned her away. On the following day she said: Allah’s Messenger, Why do you turn me away? Perhaps, you turn me away as you turned away Ma’iz. By Allah, I have become pregnant. He said: Well, if you insist upon it, then go away until you give birth to (the child). When she was delivered she came with the child (wrapped) in a rag and said: Here is the child whom I have given birth to. He said: Go away and suckle him until you wean him. When she had weaned him, she came to him (the Holy Prophet) with the child who was holding a piece of bread in his hand. She said: Allah’s Apostle, here is he as I have weaned him and he eats food. He (the Holy Prophet) entrusted the child to one of the Muslims and then pronounced punishment. And she was put in a ditch up to her chest and he commanded people and they stoned her. Khalid b Walid came forward with a stone which he flung at her head and there spurted blood on the face of Khalid and so he abused her. Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) heard his (Khalid’s) curse that he had huried upon her. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Khalid, be gentle. By Him in Whose Hand is my life, she has made such a repentance that even if a wrongful tax-collector were to repent, he would have been forgiven. Then giving command regarding her, he prayed over her and she was buried.
Sahih Muslim, Book 017, Number 4206
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Ata’ said: The quilt of Aisha was stolen. She began to curse the person who had stolen it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) began to tell her: Do not lighten him.
Sahih Muslim, Book 8, Number 1492
Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported: This news reached ‘Umar that Samura had sold wine, whereupon he said: May Allah destroy Samura; does he not know that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said:” Let there be the curse of Allah upon the Jews that fat was declared forbidden for them, but they melted it and then sold it”?
Sahih Muslim, Book 010, Number 3842
Sa’id b. Zaid b. ‘Amr b. Nufail (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Arwi (bint Uwais) disputed with him (in regard to a part of the land) of his hodse. He said: Leave it and take off your claim from it, for I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who took a span of land without his right would be made to wear around his neck seven earths on the Day of Resurrection. He (Sa’id b. Zaid) said: O Allah, make her blind if she has told a lie and make her grave in her house. He (the narrator) said: I saw her blind groping (her way) by touching the walls and saying: The curse of Sa’id b. Zaid has hit me. And it so happened that as she was walking in her house, she passed by a well in her house and fell therein and that be- came her grave.
Sahih Muslim, Book 010, Number 3921
Abu Mas’ud al-Badri reported: I was beating my slave with a whip when I heard a voice behind me: Understand, Abu Masud; but I did not recognise the voice due to intense anger. He (Abu Mas’ud) reported: As he came near me (I found) that he was the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he was saying: Bear in mind, Abu Mas’ud; bear in mind. Abu Mas’ud. He (Aba Maslad) said: threw the whip from my hand. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Bear in mind, Abu Mas’ud; verily Allah has more dominance upon you than you have upon your slave. I (then) said: I would never beat my servant in future.
Sahih Muslim, Book 015, Number 4086
This hadith has been narrated. on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters. Amir b. Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas reported on the authority of his father that Muawiya b. Abi Sufyin appointed Sa’d as the Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat ‘Ali), whereupon be said: It is because of three things which I remember Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camelg. I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say about ‘Ali as he left behind hrin in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). ‘All said to him: Allah’s Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call ‘Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed:” Let us summon our children and your children.” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called ‘Ali, Fitima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.
Sahih Muslim, Book 031, Number 5915
(iii) Some Incidents from Sunnan Abu Dawud
AbuBarzah said: I was with AbuBakr. He became angry at a man and uttered hot words. I said: Do you permit me, Caliph of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), that I cut off his neck? These words of mine removed his anger; he stood and went in. He then sent for me and said: What did you say just now? I said: (I had said:) Permit me that I cut off his neck. He said: Would you do it if I ordered you? I said: Yes. He said: No, I swear by Allah, this is not allowed for any man after Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him).
Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 38, Number 4350
More Sunni References:
- Sunnan Nisai, vol. 2, page 70, published in Delhi.
- Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, vol.1, page 9, published in Egypt
- Al-Taleeq al-Mahmood ala Sunnan abu Dawud, vol. 2, page 244, published in Karachi, Pakistan.
- Al-Shifa, vol. 2, page 325, published in Baraili India
- Masnad Hameedi, vol. 1, page 5, published in Haiderabad Dakkan, India
- Akhbar al-Qadhaat, vol. 2, page 57, published in Cairo.
- Mahli Ibne Hazm, vol. 11, page 410, publised by Munira, Egypt.
- Aqna ibn Mandhar, vol. 2, page 583, published in Halab.
- Silalat al-Risalah, page 17, published in Jordan.
- Masnad Abi Bakr al-Sadiq, page 109, published in Bairut.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The gravest sin is going to lengths in talking unjustly against a Muslim’s honour, and it is a major sin to abuse twice for abusing once.
Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4859
Note: Sahaba are also included in this order i.e. Shari’i penalty of abusing Sahabi is to abuse once in return. And if twice is abused in return, again it’s a major sin.
Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Ibn Awn said: I asked about the meaning of intisar (revenge) in the Qur’anic verse: “But indeed if any do help and defend themselves (intasara) after a wrong (done) to them, against them there is no cause of blame.” Then Ali ibn Zayd ibn Jad’an told me on the authority of Umm Muhammad, the wife of his father.
Ibn Awn said: It was believed that she used to go to the Mother of the Faithful (i.e. Aisha). She said: The Mother of the Faithful said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came upon me while Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh, was with us. He began to do something with his hand. I signalled to him until I made him understand about her. So he stopped. Zaynab came on and began to abuse Aisha. She tried to prevent her but she did not stop.
So he (the Prophet) said to Aisha: Abuse her.
So she abused her and dominated her. Zaynab then went to Ali and said: Aisha abused you and did (such and such). Then Fatimah came (to the Prophet) and he said to her: She is the favourite of your father, by the Lord of the Ka’bah!
She then returned and said to them: I said to him such and such, and he said to me such and such. Then Ali came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and spoke to him about that.
Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4880
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafic from Abdullah ibn Umar that a man cursed his wife in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and disowned her child. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, separated them and gave the child to the woman.
Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 29, Number 29.12.35
(iv) Some of the incidents of cursing from Masnad Ahmad bin Hanbal
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal narrated by Abu Huraira:
“One person was abusing Abu Bakr and Rasool Allah (s) was watching it and smiling. When he didn’t stop, then Abu Bakr refuted him. Upon this, Prophet Muhammad (s) stood up and left.
Hadhrat Abu Bakr said: “O Prophet of Allah, till the time he was abusing me, you kept on sitting (and smiling), and when I refuted him, why you became angry?”
Rasool Allah (s) said: “O Abu Bakr, when he was abusing you, an angel was refuting him from your side, and when you started refuting him, then came devil and I cannot sit with devil”.
Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, vol. 2, page 436, published by Al-Maymniyyah, Egypt
Same tradition can also be found in Mishkaatul Masabih, bab Al-Rafq, page 432, published by Ashah al-Mataba, Delhi, India.
“Khalid bin Waleed reported that there was an exchange of hard words between Ammar bin Yasir and I. I abused Ammar and he went to Rasool Allah (s) to complain against me. We were talking nothing in front of Rasool Allah (s) except abusing each other and Rasool Allah (s) was sitting quietly. Ammar started weeping and said to Rasool Allah (s): “Don’t you see that he is abusing me.”
Rasool Allah (s) rose his head and said, “One who will shows enmity towards Ammar, Allah will show enmity to him”.
Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, vol. 4, page 89-90
Allama Ali Muttaqi Burhanpuri Hanafi records this incident in the following words:
“A dispute took place between Khalid and Ammar bin Yassir and both of them abused each other. When they came to Rasool Allah (s), again both of them started abusing each other. Khalid said to Rasool Allah (s), “This slave is abusing me in front of you. By Allah, if you would not present here, he wouldn’t have abused me.” Rasool Allah (s) said, “O khalid, keep away (from abusing) Ammar. Anyone who shows enmity towards Ammar, Allah will show enmity to him.”.
- Kanzul Ammal, vol 1, page 242.
- Asbaabul Nazool, page 91, published by Darul Nashar al-Kutab al-Islamia Lahore Pakistan
- Masnad Abu Dawud Talisi, Juz Khamis, page 158, published in Haiderabad Dakan, India
- Asaba fi Tameez al-Sahaba, vol. 2, page 512, published by Matba Sa’ada, Egypt.
- Tafseer Dure Manthoor, vol 2, page 176, published by Mayminniyah, Egypt.
- Labaabul Naqool, page 32, published by al-Mashhad al-Hussaini, Egypt.
- Mustadrak alal Sahihain, vol. 3, page 389-390, published by Haiderabad Dakkan, India.
- Mishkaatul Masahbih, page 580, published by Ashah al-Mataba, Delhi India
- Mushkil al-Aasar, vol 4, page 255, published by Haiderabad Dakkan, India.
- Majma Al-Zawaid, vol. 9, page 293, published by Maktaba al-Qadsi, Cairo.
- Tarikh-e-Baghdad, vol. 1, page 152, published by Sa’ada, Egypt.
- Dar Al-Sahaba fi Manaqib al-Qaraba of al-Ashaba, page 361, published in Damishq.
Note: It should be clear that if Rasool Allah (s) keeps quiet on any issue, it is still a proof in Islamic Sharia. It is known in Islamic sciences as “Hadith-e-Taqreeri”.
(v) Some Incidents of Cursing from other Ahle-Sunnah Books
Muawiyyah bin Abi Suffyan was humiliated in his own court and neither he nor his companions punished those people. Although such traditions are not able to be noted, but they are only presented as a proof.
Mulla Barkhurdar Multani, the mentor of famous book of Aqaid “Nabras ala Sharh al-Aqaeed” wrote:
“Shareek bin ‘Aur came to Muawiyyah and he was ugly looking person. Muawiyyah said to him, “You are ugly looking man, and a good looking man is better than ugly looking man. And you are Shareek (partner), and there is no Shareek of Allah. And your father is ‘Aur, and Sahih (right) is better than ‘Aur, then how you managed to become the leader of your nation?”
Shareek replied to Muawiyyah, “Muawiyyah is a bitch which calls dogs behind her. And you are a son of Sughar, and Sahal is better than Sughar, and you are a son of Harab, and Suleh is better than Harab, and you are a son of Ummaiyah and he is Tasgheer of Umata (a slave girl), then how you managed to become Amir-ul-Momineen?”
- Footnote of “Nabras ala Sharh al-Aqaeed”, page 510, published by Mutba Hashmi, Meraith India.
- Al-Mustaraf fi Kul Fan Mustaraf, vol. 1, page 82, published by Darul Kutub al-Arbia, Egypt.
With slight variation in words same tradition can be found in, Tarikh-e-Khulafa by Syutti, page 139, published by Taba Majeedi, Kanpur, India.
Ibne Hajar Makki reported:
“When Abdullah Ibne Umar, the son of Hadhrat Umar, abused the companion of Rasool Allah (saww) Maqdad bin Aswad, then Hadhrat Umar threatened to cut his toungue. But later he freed him (without any punishment).
Sawaiq-e-Muhariqqah, Page 257, Published in Cairo, Egypt
Famous Hanafi Alim Sheikh Muhammad bin Qasim Al-Hanafi wrote in his compilation “Roz al-Akhyaar al-Muntakhib” page 195, published in Egypt:
“Muawiyyah bin Abi Sufyan was famous for his cool temperament and no one was able to make him angry. Thus, one person claimed that he will make him angry. He came to Muawiyyah and said, I would like to marry your mother to meas her vagina is large and sweet (Naudabillah).” Muawiyyah laughed and replied, ‘That’s why my father loved her’. Then Muawiyyah ordered his treasurer to give him 1000 coins, so that he might buy a slave girl for him.
We have only cited a few examples of such episode, the texts of Ahl’ul Sunnah are replete with Sahaba shouting abuse at one another.
- Shari’i Penalty of Cursing Sahaba according to Sunnah of Rasool Allah [saww]
- Incidents of Sahaba cursing & abusing each other
- Fatwas of Sunni scholars that cursing a Sahabi is not subject to capital punishment
- Nawasib lying upon Rasool Allah (saww)
- Nawasib lying upon the four Imams of Ahle Sunnah
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