Chapter Six: Nawasib lying upon the four Imams of Ahle Sunnah

 

The extremist Nasibies even didn’t hesitate to lie upon 4 Imams of Ahle-Sunnah, in order to spread their idealogies. For example, on every anti-shia site(like of Sapah Sahaba and Salafies), one is able to find these alleged fatwas:

Several Nasibi websites state:

On one occasion Imaam ash-Shaafi`ee said concerning the Shias, “I have not seen among the heretics a people more famous for falsehood than the Raafidite Shias.”[Ibn Taymeeyah, Minhaaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah, 1/39]

On another occasion he said, “Narrate knowledge from everyone you meet except the Raafidite Shias, because they invent Hadeeths and adopt them as part of their religion.” [Ibid, p. 38]

It was reported that often Abu Haneefah used to repeat the following statement about the Shias, “Whoever doubts whether they are disbelievers has himself committed disbelief.”

Once Imaam Maalik was asked about them and he replied, “Do not speak to them nor narrate from them, for surely they are liars.”

[Minhaaj as-Sunnah, 1/37]

During a class of Imaam Maalik, it was mentioned that the Raafidite Shias curse the Sahaabah. In reply, he quoted the Quranic verse, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and those with him are harsh with the disbelievers and gentle among themselves. So that the disbelievers may become enraged with them.” He then said, “Whoever becomes enraged when the Sahaabah are mentioned is one about whom the verse speaks.”

[Tafseeer al-Qurtubee, Soorah al-Fath; note: That is, anyone who is enraged by the mention of the Sahaabah is a disbeliever, because the verse says, "the disbelievers may become enraged with them (Sahaabah)."]

Let us examine the deception and lying of Salafies upon the 4 Imams with Allah’s and his Prophet’s [saww] help.

Objection 1- Where is the Fatwa of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal about Kufr/Shirk of Shias?

The absence of any such Fatwa by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal clearly shows that he considered Shias as Muslims and Mohid.

Objection 2- Why did Ibne Taymiyyah (6th Century) only manage to locate the Abu Hanifa Fatwa of Takfeer against the Shi’a?

No hint of any such fatwa is found in the thousands of books written by thousands of students of Imam Abu Hanifa.

For example, Qadhi Abu Yusuf was the student of Abu Hanifa and became the Grand-Qadhi of Abbasid Caliphate. He was the main personality who collected Fiqh of Imam Abu Hanifa. And this fiqh of Abu Hanifa was recognised as the official fiqh of Islamic Khilafah.

But did he mention any such fatwa by Abu Hanifa that Shias are kafir?
No, not a single hint.

Did he personally issue takfeer against the Shi’a?

No, during his time as jurist, Shias were officially considered as Muslims.

Objection 3- Did the 4 Imams or Qadhi Abu Yusuf issue a Fatwa prohibiting the Shi’a from performing Hajj, as they were the worst form of Kafirs?

In the times of 4 Imams of Ahle-Sunnah, hundered thausands of Shias performed Hajj annually. Why didn’t even a single one of them issue a fatwa that Shias should be banned to perform Hajj?

If not the 4 Imams, then did any of their Student not ever issue a fatwa that shias should be banned from performing Hajj?

Why is it that whole Salaf of present day self-alleged Salafies remain silence on Kafirs/Mushriks performing of Hajj?? Were they practisng taqiyya?

Same is the case with Qurtabi, who was a Mufassir of 6-7th Century. Thousands of Shias existed in time of Imam Malik, why not he wrote this fatwa in his books?

Why was the Fatwa not propogated by Malik’s students? Why did it just appear in the 6th Century?….. etc.

(Very briefly, the absense of any such Fatawa, directly by these 4 Imams or their students shows clearly that Ibne Taymiyyah and Qurtabi attributed flase fatwas in their names and these Imams had no association with these edicts)

Now let us move to some more facts, which will completely make the Truth clear. Insha-Allah.

Instead of declaring Shias Kafir and banning them to perform Hajj, Ahle-Sunnah Salaf narrated Ahadith from them

All the Ahle-Sunnah Muhaditheen (including all authors of “Sahah Satta” and Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanb) collected Ahadith from Shia narrators. One can find thousands of such Shia authorities in works of Ahle-Sunnah Muhaditheen.

Listed below are a few of the Shi’ah scholars that al-Bukhari has relied upon in his Sahih. If we add to these the rest of them including those narrators in the Sahih of Muslim and the other four Sihah Sittah who followed the Shi’ah faith, then the number would increase significantly. To save space, reference is given to the section title (kitab) in each book for only one hadith by each person – the rest can be found using indices or hadith software.

The reader will notice the term Rafidi every now and then in the following biographies. The Sunni scholars generally define a Rafidi as a Shi’ah who openly criticizes or rejects the legitimacy of the Caliphs before ‘Ali (a).

Rafdhi Shia Narrators in Sahih Bukhari

‘Ubayd Allah b. Musa al-’Absi (died 213 AH)

His Ahadith can be found in the following books:

  1. Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
  2. Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
  3. Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-salat]
  4. Sunan al-Nasa’i [kitab al-sahw]
  5. Sunan Abu Dawud [kitab al-taharah]
  6. Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-muqaddamah]

Let us see a quote from a “Salafi Book” about him.

“Aboo Daawood said: He was an ardent Shee’ee, his ahaadeeth are allowable….Ibn Mandah said: Ahmad ibn Hanbal used to point ‘Ubaydullaah out to the people, and he was well known for Rafd (extreme partisanship for ‘Alee), and he would not let anyone enter his house who was called ‘Mu’aawiyah’”.
The Creed of the Imaam of Hadeeth al-Bukhari and of the Great Scholars from whom he narrated. (Salafi Publications, UK, 1997), p. 89 from Al-Dhahabi, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, vol. 9, pp .553-557

Here is another Salafi/deobandi Respected Alim Al-Dhahabi, who comments on him:

“A pious person, one of the important Shi’ah scholars … considered reliable by Yahya b. Ma’in, Abu Hatim said he was reliable, trustworthy … al-’Ijli said: He was an authority on the Qur’an…”
Al-Dhahabi, Tadhkirat al-Huffaz under “‘Ubayd Allah b. Musa al-’Absi

‘Abbad b. Ya’qub al-Rawajini (died 250 AH)

His Ahadith can be found in the following books:

  1. Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-tawhid]
  2. Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-manaqib]
  3. Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab ma ja' fi al-jana'iz]

Ibne Hajar Asqalani is one of the most learned Ulama in Ahle-Sunnah history. Even Salafies and Deobandies accept him as authentic without any question. Let’s see what he has to say about him.

He was a trustworthy Rafidi and his hadith is in (Sahih of) al-Bukhari
Ibn Hajar al-’Asqalani, Taqrib al-Tahdhib, under “‘Abbad b. Ya’qub al-Rawajani”

Ibne Hajar al-Asqalani continues about him with the following words:

Abu Hatim said: He was a shaykh, reliable. Ibn ‘Adi said: He used to denounce the Salaf. In him was extremism of Shi’ism. Salih b. Muhammad said: He used to denounce ‘Uthman. I heard him saying, “Allah is more just than that he would admit Talhah and al-Zubayr into heaven after they paid allegiance to ‘Ali and then fought him.” Ibn Hibban said: He was a Rafidi inviting (others to his belief). He narrated this hadith …, “If you see Mu’awiyah on my pulpit, kill him!”
Ibn Hajar al-’Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, under “‘Abbad b. Ya’qub al-Rawajani”

‘Abd al-Malik b. A’yan al-Kufi

Books in which his Ahadith can be found:

  1. Sahih al-Bukhari [kitab al-tawhid]
  2. Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
  3. Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab tafsir al-Qur'an]
  4. Sunan al-Nasa’i [kitab al-'iman wa al-nudhur]
  5. Sunan Abu Dawud [kitab al-buyu']
  6. Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-zakah]

Let’s see what Ibne Hajar Asqalani said about him:

Al-’Ijli said: He was from Kufah, a Tabi’i (Successor), reliable. Sufyan said: ‘Abd al-Malik b. ‘A’yan the Shi’i narrated to us, he was a Rafidi to us, a man of opinion. Hamid said: Those three brothers, ‘Abd al-Malik, Zurarah, and Hamran were Rawafid all of them. Abu Hatim said: He was one of the earliest to embrace Shi’ism, (he was) on the position of truthfulness, having good traditions, and his traditions are written.
Ibn Hajar al-’Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, under “‘Abd al-Malik b. A’yan”

He was Rafidi Shi’i, one of (the people of) opinion.
Abu Ja’far al-’Uqayli, Du’afa al-’Uqayli, under “‘Abd al-Malik b. A’yan”

He was Rafidi, reliable (saduq).
Al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, under “‘Abd al-Malik b. A’yan”

‘Awf b. Abi Jamilah al-’A'rabi (died 146 AH)

Books, in which his Ahadith can be found:

  1. Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
  2. Sahih Muslim [kitab al-masajid wa mawadi' al-salat]
  3. Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-salat]
  4. Sunan Nasa’i [kitab al-taharah]
  5. Sunan Abi Dawud [kitab al-salat]
  6. Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-salat]

Look what Salafi Alim “Al-Dhahabi” has to say about him:

He was Rafidi but reliable; He was considered reliable by many scholars, and in him was Shi’ism.
Al-Dhahabi, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, under “‘Awf b. Abi Jamilah”

‘Awf was a Qadari, a Shi’i, a Shaytan!
Abu Ja’far al-’Uqayli, Du’afa al-’Uqayli, under “‘Awf b. Abi Jamilah”

He was inclined towards Shi’ism. Ibn Ma’in said: reliable, Al-Nasa’i said: Very reliable.
Al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, under “‘Awf b. Abi Jamilah”

‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani (died 211 AH)

His traditions can be found in the following books:

  1. Sahih Bukhari [kitab al-'iman]
  2. Sahih Muslim [kitab al-'iman]
  3. Sahih al-Tirmidhi [kitab al-taharah]
  4. Sunan Nasa’i [kitab al-taharah]
  5. Sunan Abi Dawud [kitab al-taharah]
  6. Sunan Ibn Majah [kitab al-muqaddamah fi al-'iman]

Ibn ‘Adi said: They (i.e. scholars) did not see any problem in his hadith except that they attributed Shi’ism to him� He was a man of honor � he narrated traditions in praise of the Household of the Prophet (Ahl al-Bayt) and disparaging others� Mukhlid al-Shu’ayri said: I was with ‘Abd al-Razzaq when someone mentioned Mu’awiyah. ‘Abd al-Razzaq said: ‘Do not pollute our assembly by mentioning the descendant of Abu Sufyan!’.
Al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”

Ibn ‘Adi narrated (a hadith) from ‘Abd al-Razzaq�, “If you see Mu’awiyah on my pulpit then kill him!”.
Al-Dhahabi, Mizan al-’I'tidal, under “‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San’ani”

Contrary to present day Nasibi propaganda, Sunnis have also regarded Shias as Muslims

It is strange to see that hardline Nawasib of present era such as those belonging to Sipah-e-Sahaba, are trying to preach to their naïve adherents that Shias have always been unanimously considered as Kafir according to the Sunni clergy which certainly is a baseless and false  propaganda. Allow us to begin with the remarks of non other than Ibn Tamiyah who despite all of his Nasibism and sheer hatred for Ahlulbayt and his Shias, did not equate Shias with Kufr. He wrote in Minhaj al-Sunnah, Volume 2 page 452:

والإمامية الاثناعشرية خير منهم بكثير فأن الإمامية مع فرط جهلهم وضلالهم فيهم خلق مسلمون باطنا وظاهرا ليسوا زنادقة منافقين

“Twelvers Imamis are much better than them (Ismailis) whilst they (the Twelvers) are extremely ignorant and misguided but they are Muslim externally as well as internally and are neither infidels nor hypocrites”  

Since Nasibi followers of Sipah-e-Sahaba are followers of Hanafi-Deoband school, allow us to cite Allamah Abdul Ali Muhammad Sahalwi al-Ansari al-Lucknawi in his authority work Fawateh al-Rehmut Ba-Sharah Musalam Al-Sabut, Volume 2 page 243:

فان الصحيح عند الحنفية أنهم ليسوا بكفار

 According to the Hanafis they (Rawafidh) are not kafir.

Similarly we read in Nehayat al-Muhtaj,  Volume 6 page 258 by Ramli:

 لا نكفره ببدعته كما هو ظاهر كالشيعة والرافضة

“We don’t deem them kafir because of their innovation, such as the Shia and the Rafidha”

Ghazali states in “Defa an al-Aqida wa al-Sharyi’a” page 221:

وكان خيراً للسنيين أن يفهموا أن الشيعة يلزمون أنفسهم سنن صاحب هذه الرسالة ويعدون الانحراف عنه زيغاً

“It is better for Sunnis to realize that the Shias firmly hold the Sunnah of the Prophet and they believe diverting away from it constitutes misguidance”  

On page 187 we read:

وأصول الإيمان ثلاثة هي الإيمان بالله والإيمان برسوله والإيمان باليوم الآخر وما عدا ذلك فروع. واعلم أنه لا تكفير في الفروع إلا في مسألة واحدة وهي أن ينكر حكماً ثبت عن النبي بالتواتر القاطع وأجمت عليه الأمة بسائر طوائفها كإنكار الصلوات وجوب الصلوات الخمس أو صوم رمضان

The pillars of faith (Iman) are to believe in Allah, His Apostle and the hereafter, other than these (others) are considered branches. You should know that there is no Takfir because of branches except in one matter, which is to deny a firmly proven ruling from the Prophet via a definite successive narration that has acquired a consensus amongst all sects of the nation, such as denying the five prayers or fasting during Ramadhan.  

On page 188 we read:

ومع أننا ننكر قول الشيعة ذلك فإننا لا نكفرهم

Whilst we reject the statements of Shias but we do not deem them to be Kafir.

Sheikh Umar Telmasani in his book Zakrayat la Muzakerat, page 249 quotes Hassan Bana’s statement (the founder of Muslim brotherhood Islamic movement) in this way:

 اعلموا أن أهل السنة والشيعة مسلمون

You should know that the Ahlul Sunnah and Shia are Muslims.

Imam Ibn Abdeen wrote in Hashyat Rad al-Muhtar, volume 3 page 50:

إذا كان يفضل علياً أو يسب الصحابة فإنه مبتدع لا كافر

“If he prefers Ali or curses the Sahaba, he is an innovator but not Kafir”

Compare this view of Imam Ibn Abdeen with his another view wherein he ruled that whoever believed that the world has no beginning is Kafir (meaning that Ibn Taymia is a Kafir). We read in Hashyat Rad al-Muhtar, volume 3 page 49:

الحق عدم تكفير أهل القبلة وإن وقع إلزاما في المباحث بخلاف من خالف القواطع المعلومة بالضرورة من الدين مثل القائل بقدم العالم

 The correct view is not to issue Takfir against the people of the Qibla even if they indulge in wrong statements unless if they oppose a certain issues of religion such as saying that the world has no beginning. 

Name of Rasheed Reza needs no introduction particularly for the Salafi/Wahabis. In Mujalat al-Manar, Volume 7 page 457:

وقد صرحوا بصحة إيمان الشيعة لأن الخلاف معهم في مسائل لا يتعلق بها كفر ولا إيمان فالشيعي مسلم

They (Sunni scholars) declared that the Shia faith is correct because the dispute between them is not linked to the issues of Kufr or Eman, therefore the Shias are Muslims. 

 

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