Chapter Five: Yazeed’s killing of Imam Hussain (as)
Azam Tariq Nasibi stated:
“IT WOULD BE SEEN THERE FROM THAT YAZID HAD NO HANDS IN THE MURDER OF HAZRAT HUSAYN. MOST OF THE HISTORICAL ACCOUNTS ARE WRITTEN BY SHIAS AND AS SUCH HEAP ALL SORTS OF RUBBISH ON YAZID OUT OF SHEER CONTEMPT AND HATRED AND DEPICT HIM IN ALARMING COLOUR WHICH IS FAR FROM TRUTH AND REALITY. STILL SOME OF THE IGNORANT MUSLIMS ACCUSE HIM UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF SHIAS. THE FACT IS THAT WHEN THE NEWS OF HAZRAT HUSAYN’S MARTYRDOM REACHED YAZID, HE AND HIS FAMILY WEPT. YAZID EVEN SAID: “CURSE OF ALLAH BE ON UBAIDULLAH BIN ZIAD. BY ALLAH! IF HE HAD BEEN A RELATIVE OF HAZRAT HUSAYN HE WOULD HAVE NEVER KILLED HIM. I WOULD HAVE ACCEPTED THE SUBMISSION OF IRAQIS WITHOUT THE KILLING OF HAZRAT HUSAYN.”
Here we shall cite the following reputable texts of Ahl’ul Sunnah, that confirm that Yazeed killed Imam Husayn (as):
- Maqatil Husayn al Khuwarzmi Volume 2 page 80 Chapter 9
- Ya Nabi al Mawadah page 223 Chapter 91
- Tareekh al Yaqoobi Volume 2 page 299 Dhikr Yazeed
- Matallib al Saul Volume 2 page 26
- Nur al Absar page 139
- Al Bidayah wa al Nihaya page 219 Dhikr 63 Hijri
- Tareekh Kamil Volume 4 page 69
- Tareekh Tabari page 408 Dhikr Ibn Ziyad
- Akhbar al Tawal page 384
- Tadkira tul Khawwas page 159
- Hayaat al Haywaan Volume 1 page 88
- Tareekh Khamees Volume 2 page 301
- Sawaiq al Muhriqa page 134
- Sharh Fiqh Akbar page 73
- Tauhfa Ithna Ashari page 6
- Ash’at al-Lam’aat Sharh Mishkat Volume 4 page 623 Bab Manaqib Quraysh
- Shazarat al Dhahab Volume 1 page 69 Dhikr 61 Hijri
- Murujh al Dhahab Volume 3 page 71 Dhikr Yazeed
- Tafseer Mazhari Volume 5 page 21 Part 13 Surah Ibrahim
- Aqaid al Islam pahe 232 ny Maulana Abdul Haqq Haqani
- Imam Pak aur Yazeed Paleed page 88
- Aqaid Nafsee page 113
- Sharh Maqasad Volume 2 page 309
- Nuzul al Ibrar page 97
- Irfan Shariat Volume 2 page 21
- Fatawi Maulana Abdul Hai page 79
- Shaheed ai Kerbala pages 11-12 by Mufti Muhammad Shaafi
- Irshad al Sari (Sharh Bukhari) Volume 10 page 1717 Bab ul Fitan
- Durre Maarif Volume 4 page 295 Dikr Zeyneb binte ‘Ali
- Sharh al Muneer Sharh al Sagheer Volume 1 page80
We read in Irfan ai Shariat:
“Yazeed tore away a piece of Rasulullah’s heart, starving him for three days and then killing him, together with his companions and then he ordered horses to trample his body after his martyrdom, his body was ripped to shreds. Hi head was then placed on a spear, this was a head that Rasulullah (s) would kiss. The head was exhibited at various places, people of the household were arrested and brought before the wicked Yazeed, cursed is he who does not deem such acts as atrocious”.
Are all these men, together with the authorities cited at the start including the Grand Sheikh of the Wahabis Ibn Taymiyya, and his successor Ibn Kathir, all SHIAS or influenced by SHIAS??
There must be a medical syndrome for this behaviour….oh yes, it’s called pathological liar [also known as Nasibi Syndrome]. Maybe your local Sheikh has symptoms of it.
Yazeed ordered his Governor Waleed kill Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Maqtal Hussain:
Yazeed wrote: ‘Force Hussain, Abdullah ibn Umar, Abdullah ibn al-Zubair to give Baya and don’t spare them’
We also read:
When he (Waleed) read Yazeed’s letter for him (Marwan) and did consultation with him in that matter and said: ‘What do you think we shall do?’ He (Marwan) replied: ‘I see to send to them now and ask them to give baya and obey us, if they accept then we will let them go but if they reject you shall arrest them and strike off their heads’
Yazeed wrote to Ibn Ziyad telling him to kill Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Mataalib al Saul that:
“Ibn Ziyad wrote to Husayn ‘I have received information that you have arrived in Kerbala, and Yazeed has told me not to kill you, provided you accept his authority and mine.’”
Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti records in Tarikh Khulfa:
“Yazeed wrote to his governor in Iraq Ubaidllah bin Ziyad ordering him to fight him (Hussain) therefore he (Ibn Ziad) sent an army consisting of four thousand people lead by Umar bin Saad bin Abi Waqas”
Imam Dhahabi records in Siar Alam al-Nubala, Volume 3 page 305:
Muhammad bin al-Dahak narrated from his father that he said: ‘When Hussain marched, Yazeed wrote to his governor Ibn Ziyad saying: ‘Hussain is marching to Kufa and he is a problem of your time not of other times, your state not of other states and you not for the other governors. At that time you might be free or be slaved.’ Therefore Ibn Ziad killed him and sent his head to him (Yazeed).
Ibn Ziyad’s own admission that he killed Imam Husayn on the orders of Yazeed
We read in Tarikh Kamil, Volume 4 page 112:
“He (Yazeed) wrote to Ubaydullah Ibn Ziyad ordering him to march towards Madina and surround Ibn Zubayr in Makka. He (Ibn ziyad) replied: ‘I can’t give both these things to this Fasiq, after killing the grandson of Rasulullah (s), I’m not now going to assault the Kaaba’.
Notice how Azam Tariq says that Yazeed blamed Ibn Ziyad (his governor in Kufa at the time of the Battle of Karbala) for the killing of Husayn (as). Yet we see here that Ibn Ziyad two years AFTER Karbala is still in a position of authority in Yazeed’s government and army. Had Yazeed sincerely wept for Husayn (as) then he would have dismissed and executed Ibn Ziyad for genocide. Indeed Yazeed kept Ibn Ziyad in a position of authority in Yazeed’s government, and indeed Ibn Ziyad outlived Yazeed, until Shia rebels killed him during the insurrection of Al Mukhtar to avenge the blood of Imam Husayn (as).
Testimony of Ibn Abbas that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Tareekh Kamil:
Ibn Abbas replied to Yazeed’s letter stating: “… You killed Husayn as well as the youth from Banu Abdul Muttalib who were beacons of guidance and famed stars, your troops marched on them at your orders .”
The testimony of Abdullah Ibn Umar that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Maqatil al Husayn:
Ibn Umar wrote to Yazeed, ‘Hasn’t your heart gone black yet? You murdered the family of the Prophet?’
The Nawasib want to drag the Muslims to hell to face the charge of taking to their heart the man who hurt Muhammad (saws)’s soul more than any other.
Mu’awiya The Second’s testimony that his father Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Hayaat al Haywaan:
“When Yazeed was succeeded to the throne by his son Mu’awiya he said in his first sermon ‘We are definite about Yazeed’s wrongdoing, he killed the family of the Prophet, deemed alcohol halal, and brought pain to the Ka’aba.”
This was the testimony of the succeeding khalifa, and Yazeed’s own son, Mu’awiya The Second.
Yazeed’s own admission that he killed the family of the Prophet (s)
We read in Sharh Fiqh Akbar:
“Following the murder of Husayn, Yazeed said ‘I avenged the killing of my kaafir relatives in Badr through killing the family of the Prophet”.
The testimony of Ibn Hazm that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Athough the ‘Nasb’ of Imam Ibn Hazm made him to call Yazeed ‘Amir ul-Momineen’ but despite that he did ackowledge all the evil deeds committed by his Amir al-Momineen:
“Yazid Amir ul Momineen, was an evil doer in Islam. During the last days of his rule he massacred the people of Madina on the day of Hara. He killed the best of people and the remaining companions (ra). During the initial part of his rule, he killed Husain (ra) and his Ahle Bait. He surrounded Ibn Zubair in Masjid al-Haram. He violated the sanctity of Ka’ba and Islam. And during these days Allah killed him”
Jamharat Ansab al-Arab, page 112
The testimony of Imam Dhahabi that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Now let us cite words of a Sunni Imam whose words cannot be denied by any Nasibi. Imam Dhahabi in his authority work ‘Tarikh Islam’ Volume 5 page 30 states:
I say: ‘When Yazeed did to the people of Madina what he did and killed al-Hussain and his brothers and progeny, and Yazeed drank alcohol, and performed abominable things, then the people hated him and rose up against him more than once. God didn’t bless his life and Abu Bilal Mirdas bin Adya al-Hanzali rose against him.’
The testimony of Ibn al-Jauzi that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Imam of Ahle Sunnah Ibn al-Jawzi records in Matalib Auwli al-Nahi, Volume 17 page 135:
من الاعتقادات العامة التي غلبت على جماعة منتسبين إلى السنة أن يقولوا إن يزيد كان على الصواب وإن الحسين أخطأ في الخروج عليه ، ولو نظروا في السير لعلموا كيف عقدت له البيعة ، وألزم الناس بها ولقد فعل في ذلك كل قبيح ؛ ثم لو قدرنا صحة خلافته فقد بدت منه بوادر كلها توجب فسخ العقد من رمي المدينة والكعبة بالمجانيق ، وقتل الحسين وأهل بيته ، وضربه على ثنيته بالقضيب
From (amongst) the beliefs which overwhelmed the Sunni people is that Yazeed was right and Hussain was wrong in his rebellion. If they consulted history books they would have know how he (Yazeed) achieved bayya and how he forced the people and committed every disgraceful thing for the sake (of bayya). If we assumed that his Caliphate was correct, on other hand he committed many acts which are sufficient to abolish his bayya, such as attacking Madina and Kaaba with ballista, killing Hussain along with his family and striking his lips with a stick.
The testimony of Ibn Khaldun that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Now let us cite the testimony of a scholar who despite his known Nasibi tendencies confirmed the fact that it was Yazeed who killed Imam Hussain (as). We read in Al-Muqadima by Ibn Khaldun, page 254:
“It is impermissible to support Yazeed in the matter of killing Hussain, nay (Hussain’s) murder is Yazeed’s deed that proves him to be a Fasiq and Hussain a martyr.”
The testimony of Ibn Kathir that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Let us read the veiws of Ibn Kathir regarding the role of Yazeed in the murder of Imam Hussain. While dicussing the events of 63 H, He stated:
“It is already mentioned that he (Yazeed) killed al-Hussain and his companions through Ubaidullah bin Zyad”
Al Bidayah Wal Nihayah, Volume 8 page 243
The testimony of Shah Abdul Aziz that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Tauhfa:
“When the cruel people of Syria and Iraq upon orders of impure Yazeed and due to the efforts of chief of hatred and fitnah Ibn Ziyad martyred Imam Hussain…”
Tauhfa Ithna Ashari (Urdu), page 8 Published in Karachi
The testimony of Shah Abdul Haqq that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
We read in Ash’at al-Lam’aat Sharh Mishkat that somebody condemned Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyad for killing Hussain (as) upon which Shah Abdul Haq stated:
“It is unusual that the one who condemned did not mention Yazeed when he was the one who instructed Ibn Ziyad to carry out the killing”.
The testimony of Qadhi Thanaullah that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Qadhi Thanaullah Pani Pati Uthmani under the commentary of 24:55 records:
“It is possible that this verse refers to Yazeed bin Muawiyah. Yazeed had martyred the grandson of Holy Prophet (s) and his companions, those companions were actually the members of the Prophet’s family.
Tafseer Mazhari [Urdu], Volume 8 page 268
At another place he stated:
Yazeed and his associates did Kufr with the bounties of Allah. They deemed it their aim to have a grudge against the progeny of the Prophet (s) and murdered Hussain (ra) with oppression and Yazeed did Kufr with the religion of Prophet (s) to the extent that Yazeed recited the following couplets over the murder of Hussain (ra)
‘Where are my ancestors, they should come and see that I have take revenge from the progeny of the Prophet and Bani Hashim’.
And the last prose is:
‘I would not be from the progeny of Jandab had I not taken revenge from the progeny of Ahmad for whatever they had done.’
Tafseer Mazhari [Arabic], Volume 5 page 271, commentary of 14:29
Testimony of Qadhi Saleh bin Mahdi al-Maqbali that Yazeed killed Imam Hussain (as)
Prominent Mujtahid of era namely Allamah Qadhi Saleh bin Mahdi al-Maqbali (d. 1108) who is much liked by Ahle Hadith/Salafies confirms in his authority work Al-Ilm Al-Shamikh Fi Ethaar Al-Haq Ala Alaba wal Mashaikh, page 367 that it was Yazeed who killed al-Hussain:
“And even more strange is a person who praises Yazeed who reverted from Islam, the one who insulted the honorable people of this Ummah, dishonoring the sanctity of Madina of Messenger (Sale Allah Aleh Wa Aalihi Wasalam), killed Hussain the son of the Prophet and his Ahlulbayt and humiliated them and he treated them in such a manner that even if the enemies of Islam, the Christians were to do the same acts, they might have been more reasonable.”
Al-Ilm Al-Shamikh Fi Ethaar Al-Haq Ala Alaba wal Mashaikh, page 367
Did Yazeed express sadness at the death of Imam Hussain (as)?
Nasibi Azam Tariq’s lies continue as follows:
THE FACT IS THAT WHEN THE NEWS OF HAZRAT HUSAYN’S MARTYRDOM REACHED YAZID, HE AND HIS FAMILY WEPT. YAZID EVEN SAID: “CURSE OF ALLAH BE ON UBAIDULLAH BIN ZIAD. BY ALLAH! IF HE HAD BEEN A RELATIVE OF HAZRAT HUSAYN HE WOULD HAVE NEVER KILLED HIM. I WOULD HAVE ACCEPTED THE SUBMISSION OF IRAQIS WITHOUT THE KILLING OF HAZRAT HUSAYN.” THEN HE ACCORDED A VERY GRACIOUS HOSPITALITY TO THE REMAINING FAMILY MEMBERS OF HAZRAT HUSAYN AND ARRANGED THEIR RETURN JOURNEY TO MADINAH WITH GREAT HONOUR AND RESPECT.
Reply One: The report is weak
The cited report about Yazeed getting upset over the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (as) is primarily in Tarikh Tabari contain an unknown arrator in its chain. We challenge Nawasib to either prove the authenticity of the narration or shut up and accept that Yazeed was the lead culprit in the murder of Imam Hussain (as).
Reply Two: A complete citing of the tradition would have enabled one to gauge the truth
Tariq’s reference that we presume is a crude translation of the text in al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, was only partially translated the actual text that we are quoting from al Bidaya wa al Nihaya Volume 8 page 235 is as follows:
Yunus bin Habib al-Jarmi said: ‘When Ibn Ziyad killed Husayn and his companions and sent their heads to Yazeed, he [Yazeed] became happy at the death of him (Husayn) which is why the position of Ibn Ziyad was elevated, but this happiness was only short lived and then he regreted’.
This text confirms that Yazeed was pleased that Imam Husayn (as) had been killed and the rank of his killer Ibn Ziyad had automatically increased in Yazeed’s estimation. The happiness being short-lived means that rebellions arose to avenge Husayn (as)’s martyrdom that threatened to destroy Yazeed’s khilafat – Madina, Makka and Iraq all rose up against him, which is why he sent his army in to burn the Ka’aba and sack Madina. Nawasib are not horrified by such actions by their khalifa, since they share the doctrine of Al Qaeda that deem it lawful to kill, maim and rape to attains ones objectives. This is as they have no sense of anything being sacred save the remembrance of the Santas. They even reproach other Sunnis for reciting blessings upon the Prophet (saws).
Moreover, in al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Volume 8 page 235 we read that the situation reached a point of embarrassment for Yazeed that he said:
ثم يقول: لعن الله ابن مرجانة فإنه أحرجه واضطره، وقد كان سأله أن يخلي سبيله أو يأتيني أو يكون بثغر من ثغور المسلمين حتى يتوفاه الله، فلم يفعل، بل أبى عليه وقتله، فبغضني بقتله إلى المسلمين، وزرع لي في قلوبهم العداوة، فأبغضني البر والفاجر بما استعظم الناس من قتلي حسينا، مالي ولابن مرجانة قبحه الله وغضب عليه.
‘Curse be upon Ibn Marjana [Ibn Ziyad] for he pained Husayn and made him desperate although Husayn had asked him to be allowed to go wherever he wanted to or to come to me or he be allowed to go to the border but Ibn Ziyad rejected this and killed him and it is now due to this, that Muslims shall bear enmity towards me, now every person, good and bad shall bear hatred in their hearts towards me, people shall be shocked at my killing Husayn. I have nothing to do with Murjana’s son. May Allah destroy him and reap destruction upon him’.
Carefully analyse the final comments of Yazeed in this regard:
“now every person, good and bad shall bear hatred in their hearts towards me, people shall be shocked at my killing Husayn.”
These words clearly prove that the killing of Imam Husayn (as) was upon the orders of Yazeed, and t his act of cursing Ibn Ziyad was in effect a tactical method to cover up his own culpability. These were crocodile tears shed to display false grief as the Ummah now wanted revenge and were blaming Yazeed. Indeed, the Islamic heartlands of Makka, Madina and Kufa were now in open armed rebellion and Yazeed had lost control there.
Ibn Katheer further commented as follows:
“And it appears that Ibn Ziad was cursed and insulted for what he did but he did not sack him nor did he punish him nor did he rebuke him for his actions”
al Bidaya wa al Nihaya, Volume 8 page 204
If the argument is Yazeed didn’t physically kill Imam Husayn (as) then these Nawasib should know that Pharaoh is deemed the killer of the Israelites even though he only issued the order for boys to be executed and didn’t use the sword himself. Irshad al Sari Volume 10 page 171 Bab ul Fitan states clearly that Yazeed was happy at killing Imam Husayn (as) and his disrespect of the family of Rasulullah (s) is a proven fact.
Let us see the comments of the Majid Ali in Bahar Shariat:
‘Those who in this day and age state ‘who are we to comment on Yazeed and Husayn and that they were both Princes’ are cursed, Hell bound individuals.’
Thus, reports which show that Yazeed was very happy at the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (as) but later altered his opinion and became sad shall not assist the present day Nawasib since the sadness letter expressed by Yazeed was not on account of remorse for his unforgivenable sin but was to a response to the public opinion that had swelled against him. We read in Tarikh Khulfa:
ولما قتل الحسين وبنو أبيه بعث ابن زياد برؤوسهم إلى يزيد فسر بقتلهم أولا ثم ندم لما مقته المسلمون على ذلك وأبغضه الناس وحق لهم أن يبغضوه
“When Hussain and his family were killed, Ibn Ziyad sent their heads to Yazeed. He (Yazeed) was happy with it in the beginning but after that, when the people hated him for that, he then expressed regret but people should indeed have hated him”
The change in emotions was to quell public anger not due some remorse on his part.
Reply Three: Yazeed’s pride at killing Hussain (as) and his maltreatment with His (as) head
Yazeed’s maltreatment of the blessed head of Imam Hussain which had the honor of being kissed by the Holy Prophet (s) shall suffice to evidence Yazeed’s actual reaction at the death of Imam Hussain (as). Imam Ibn Jauzi records in his book Al-Rad ala al-Mutaseb al-Aneed Al-Manee men Zam Yazeed, page 58:
Ibn Abi Dunya recorded from Salamah bin Shabib from al-Humaydi from Sufyan from Salim bin Abi Hafsa from Hassan (al-Basri) saying: “Yazeed bin Mu’awyia was prodding with a stick that place kissed by Allah’s messenger kissed, how shameful!”.
Al-Hassn al-Basri: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Salim bin Abi Hafsa al-Khayat: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Seduq’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Sufyan al-Thawri: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Abdullah bin al-Zubair al-Humaydi: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Salamah bin Shabib: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Abdullah ibn Abi Dunya: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Seduq’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Hassan al-Basri died in year 109 H and he was 89 years old as its mentioned in Tahdib al-Kamal, which means he was 41 years old when Imam Hussain was martyred. We should also point out that narrator Salim bin Abi Hafsa al-Khayat is not the only narrator to transmit the tradition rather there are three more reliable narrators from the same generation (tabaqa) as of Salim who have narrated the same incident in the same book and in the science of Hadith such a method of determining authentication of a tradition is called Mutab’a which has also been used by the Imam of Salafies Albaani. The three narrators are Imam Muhammad al-Baqar: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Khalid bin Yazid al-Saksaki: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib). Layth bin Saad: Ibn Hajar said: ‘Thiqah Thabt’ (Taqrib al-Tahdib).
We read in al Bidayah Volume 8 page 204:
Ibn Asakir in his history book states…. When Husayn’s head was brought before Yazeed, he recited the couplets of Ibn Zubayri: ‘I wish my ancestors of Badr were here to see the fright of al-Khazraj (tribe) as the spears hit’.
Moreover we read:
Al-Qasim bin Bakhit said: ‘When the head of Hussain was placed in front of Yazeed bin Mu’awyia, he started to hit his (Hussain’s) teeth with his stick, then he (Yazeed) said: ‘His (Hussain’s) and my example is same as the saying of Hasain Ibn al-Hamaam al-Mari:
‘These swords split the heads of those men who pose harm to us and they were very disobedient and oppressors’‘.’
Al-Bidayah wal Nihayah, Volume 8 page 209
Reply Four: The testimony of Imam Taftazani
We read the following testimony of Imam Saaduddin Taftazani recorded by Manawai in his authority work Faydh al-Qadeer, Volume 3 page 109:
الحق أن رضى يزيد بقتل الحسين وإهانته أهل البيت مما تواتر معناه
“The truth is that Yazeed was pleased with Hussain’s killing and Ahlulbayt’s humiliation“
Those who were involved in the murder of Imam Hussain (as) are Kafirs
Since we have proved the involvement of Yazeed (Laeen ibn Laeen) in the murder of Imam Hussain (as), let us now present the edict of one of the legendary Suni Imams, Imam Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Asad al Yameni popularly known as Al-Yaf’ee as recorded by Ibn Emaad al-Hanbali in his authority work Shazarat al-Dahab, Volunme 1 page 68:
Yaf’ee said: ‘Whoever killed Hussain or gave orders to kill him whilst he deemed it a lawful action, is a Kafir’
- Was there an ijma in Yazeed’s Khilafah?
- Was Yazeed’s khilafah rightful?
- The stance of Imam Hussain (as)
- Yazeed’s killing of Imam Hussain (as)
- The incident of Hara
- Hadith referring to Yazeed and his era
- Analysing hadith allegedly blessing Yazeed
- The alleged comments of Muhammad al Hanafiyya
- Cursing Yazeed
- Azam Tariq’s false attempts to represent Sunni aqeedah
- Answering common Nasibi objections to the stance of Imam Hussain (as)
- No public Twitter messages.